Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameCana
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Horbat Qana (modern): 70% confidence
    1. panorama of Horbat QanaHorbat Qana

  2. Kefr Kenna (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. church at Kefr KennaKefr Kenna

  3. Ain Qana (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ain QanaAin Qana

Verses (4)

John 2:1, 2:11, 4:46, 21:2

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookCana (2007)Cana
OpenBible.infoa031bda (Cana)
UBS Names Databasent ID_565


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Cana of Galilee (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Cana
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Cana
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Cana
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 163
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Cana
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Cana
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Cana
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Cana
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): pages 209, 210
  14. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Cana
  15. IVP New Testament Bible Background Commentary (1993): John 2:1
  16. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Cana of Galilee
  17. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  18. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Cana
  19. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  20. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  21. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  22. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Cana
  23. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): John 2:1
  24. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): pages 129, 141
  25. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Cana
  26. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Kana
  27. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Cana
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Cana
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): John 2:1
  32. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 366

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Horbat Qana), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

דותן דני, Chris06, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.