Places in the Bible Today:

Dumah 2


Translated NamesDumah, Edom
Typesregion or settlement
Notesthe Wikidata item for Dumah is about the person, but the English article is mostly about the location
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Edom (ancient): 55% confidence
    1. ruins at BuseiraEdom

  2. not a place (noun meaning "silence"): less than 10% confidence
  3. Dumat al Jandal (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins in Dumat al JandalDumat al Jandal

  4. another name for Dumah 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Deir ed DomehDeir ed Domeh

    2. cityscape of DuraDura

Verses (1)

Isa 21:11

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookDumah (of Seir) (2007)Dumah 2
OpenBible.infoa0a6365 (Dumah 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_804


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Dumah (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Dumah
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Dumah
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Dumah (place)
  6. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Isa 21:11-12
  7. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Dumah
  8. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Dumah
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 269
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Dumah
  12. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Isa 21:11
  13. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Dumah
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Dumah
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Dumah
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Dumah (Place)
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Duma
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Dumah
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Dumah
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Isa 21:11

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Edom), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Uri, Imam Khairul Annas, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, יעקב


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.