Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameAenon
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Umm el Umdan (modern): 30% confidence
    1. panorama looking north including Umm el UmdanUmm el Umdan

  2. Khirbet Einun (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet EinunKhirbet Einun

  3. Aenon (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. baptismal area at AenonAenon

  4. Khirbet Khishash ed Deir (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of the region including Khirbet Khishash ed Deir, which is at centerKhirbet Khishash ed Deir

  5. Salim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. aerial cityscape of SalimSalim

Verses (1)

John 3:23

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookAenon (2007)Aenon
OpenBible.infoa112fe3 (Aenon)
UBS Names Databasent ID_49


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Aenon (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Aenon
  3. Baker Encyclopedia of Bible Places (1995)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Aenon
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Aenon
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Aenon
  8. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Aenon
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 154
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Aenon; Salim
  12. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Aenon
  13. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Aenon
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Aenon
  18. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Aenon
  19. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  21. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): John 3:23
  22. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 302

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Hussein shejaeya, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Berthold Werner, Hussein shejaeya, יעקב


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.