Places in the Bible Today:

Horonaim 2


Translated NameHoronaim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Beth-horon (ancient): 50% confidence
    1. historical panorama of Beit Ur al TahtaBeit Ur al Tahta

  2. another name for Horonaim 1 (ancient): 20% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around El IraqEl Iraq

    2. satellite view of the region around Ed DeirEd Deir

    3. satellite view of the region around KathrabbaKathrabba

    4. satellite view of the region around Khirbet MeidanKhirbet Meidan

    5. satellite view of the region around Khirbet DhubabKhirbet Dhubab

    6. satellite view of the region around Medinet er RasMedinet er Ras

    7. satellite view of the region around Khirbet AiKhirbet Ai

    8. satellite view of the region around Tell el MiseTell el Mise

Verses (1)

2Sam 13:34

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookHoronaim
OpenBible.infoa159029 (Horonaim 2)
WikipediaHoronaim (partial)


  1. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  2. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 13:34
  3. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 2Sam 13:34
  4. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  5. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Sam 13:34
  6. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  7. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Beth-horon), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Matson Photo Service, photographer, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.