Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesArpad, Arphad
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Tell Rifat (modern): 80% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell RifatTell Rifat

Verses (6)

1Sam-Esth (2)
2Kgs 18:34, 19:13
Job-Mal (4)
Isa 10:9, 36:19, 37:13
Jer 49:23

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArpad (2007)Arpad
OpenBible.infoa173c40 (Arpad)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_376


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arpad (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Arpad
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arpad
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arpad
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arpad
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Arpad
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Arpad
  10. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  11. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Arpad
  13. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Isa 10:9
  14. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Arpad
  15. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Arpad
  16. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  17. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  18. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  19. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Arpad
  20. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Arpad
  21. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Arpad
  22. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Arpad
  23. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  24. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  25. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 18:34; Jer 49:23

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.