Places in the Bible Today:

Kir 2


Translated NameKir
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Kir-hareseth (ancient): 75% confidence
    1. castle at KerakKerak

  2. Kerak (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. castle at KerakKerak

  3. not a proper name (cities): less than 10% confidence

Verses (1)

Isa 15:1

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookKir of Moab (2007)Kir
OpenBible.infoa1a57d0 (Kir 2)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 438
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Kir (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Kir
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Kir
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Isa 15:1 note
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Kir-hareseth
  9. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Kir-hareseth
  10. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  13. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  14. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Isa 15:1-4
  15. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Kir
  16. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Kir-Hareseth
  17. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  18. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  19. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Kir
  20. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  21. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  22. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Kir-hareseth), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Berthold Werner


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.