Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameZalmonah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. along Wadi es Salmaneh (modern): 35% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Wadi es Salmanehalong Wadi es Salmaneh

  2. Rujm Talat az Zalma (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Rujm Talat az ZalmaRujm Talat az Zalma

  3. along Wadi Umran (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Wadi Umran, which runs under the overpassalong Wadi Umran

  4. Bir Madhkur (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Bir MadhkurBir Madhkur

Verses (2)

Num 33:41, 33:42

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZalmonah (2007)Zalmonah
OpenBible.infoa1c6a50 (Zalmonah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2512


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 443
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Zalmonah
  3. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Num 33:41-47
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zalmonah
  5. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Zalmonah
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zalmonah
  7. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Zalmonah
  8. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zalmonah
  9. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Salmona
  10. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  11. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  12. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 33:1-56 Cycle 5

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Adeeb Atwan


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.