Places in the Bible Today:

Hazar-enan

Data

Translated NamesHazar-enan, Hazar-enon, Hazar Enan
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Al Qaryatayn (modern): 60% confidence
    1. streetscape of Al QaryataynAl Qaryatayn

  2. Hader (modern): 15% confidence
    1. cityscape of HaderHader

Verses (4)

Gen-Deut (2)
Num 34:9, 34:10
Job-Mal (2)
Ezek 47:17, 48:1

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com493
Logos FactbookHazar-Enan
OpenBible.info (2007)Hazar-enan
OpenBible.infoa1ce1b7 (Hazar-enan)
TIPNRHazar-enan@Num.34.9
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1128, ot ID_1129
WikipediaHazar-enan (redirect)

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 436
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Hazar-enan (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Hazar Enan
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Hazar-enan
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Hazar-Enan
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Hazar-enan
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Hazar-Enan
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 34:1-12
  12. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Hazar-enan
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Hazar-enan, Hazar-enon
  15. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hazar-enan
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Hazar-enan
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 34:7

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Al Qaryatayn), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

محمد كنوة, עופר 249

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.