Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesIzal, Uzal
Typesmountain, region, or settlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

8 Possible Identifications

  1. Sanaa (modern): 35% confidence
    1. cityscape of SanaaSanaa

  2. Izalla (modern): 15% confidence
    1. building at IzallaIzalla

  3. Azalla (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around AzallaAzalla

  4. Azal (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around AzalAzal

  5. Az Zu‘alla (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a region in Az Zu‘allaAz Zu‘alla

  6. not a place (type of yarn): less than 10% confidence
  7. within 10 km of Konya (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building in Konyawithin 10 km of Konya

  8. Tur Abdin (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a hills in Tur AbdinTur Abdin

Verses (1)

Ezek 27:19

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookUzal (town) (2007)Uzal
OpenBible.infoa217cc5 (Uzal)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Izal
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Uzal
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Ezek 27:19 note
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011)
  7. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 10:26-29 note
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  9. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Uzal
  10. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Uzal
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Ezek 27:19
  12. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Uzal
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Uzal
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Uzal (Place)
  18. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975)
  19. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Uzal

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Ferdinand Reus, Benne, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Tariq Ahmed, Murat Feyzifar, TobiasGr


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.