Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesElkosh, Elkoshite
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. El Kauzeh (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around El KauzehEl Kauzeh

  2. another name for Capernaum (ancient): 25% confidence. It may be:
    1. aerial panorama of ruins at Tell HumTell Hum

    2. ruins at Khirbet MinyehKhirbet Minyeh

  3. Tel Maresha (modern): 20% confidence
    1. cave at Tel MareshaTel Maresha

  4. Al Qush (modern): 15% confidence
    1. panorama of Al QushAl Qush

  5. within 10 km of Beth-barah (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. panorama of Wadi al Farawithin 10 km of Wadi al Fara

    2. baptismal area at Al Maghtaswithin 10 km of Al Maghtas

    3. panorama of a plain in Bataneawithin 10 km of Raphana

    4. ruins at Al Eizariyawithin 10 km of Al Eizariya

    5. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Batnehwithin 10 km of Khirbet Batneh

    6. satellite view of the region around Tall Bleibelwithin 10 km of Tall Bleibel

    7. satellite view of the region around Tall Nimrinwithin 10 km of Tall Nimrin

    8. satellite view of the region around Makhadhet Abarahwithin 10 km of Makhadhet Abarah

Verses (1)

Nah 1:1

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookElkosh (2007)Elkosh
OpenBible.infoa221d82 (Elkosh)
WikipediaList of minor biblical tribes#Elkoshites (anchor)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Elkosh (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Elkosh
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Elkosh
  4. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  5. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Elkosh
  6. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Nah 1:1
  7. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  8. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Elkosh
  9. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): Nah introduction: 3. Authorship
  10. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Elkosh
  11. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Elkosh
  12. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  13. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 191

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, AVRAMGR, Bukvoed, עומר מרקובסקי, Chaldean, תמר הירדני, Producer, Dr. Avishai Teicher, Naheel Abu Ghaith نهيل أبو غيث


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.