Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesChephirah, Kephirah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Khirbet el Kefireh (modern): 85% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el KefirehKhirbet el Kefireh

Verses (4)

Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 9:17, 18:26
1Sam-Esth (2)
Ezra 2:25
Neh 7:29

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookChephirah (2007)Chephirah
OpenBible.infoa2e5054 (Chephirah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1590


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 433
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Chephirah (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Kephirah
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Chephirah
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Chephirah
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 9:17
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Chephirah
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Chephirah
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Chephirah
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 18
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 125
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Chephirah
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 9:17; Josh 18:21-28
  18. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 340
  19. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Chephirah
  20. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Chephirah
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Chephirah
  23. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  24. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Chephirah
  25. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Kephirah
  26. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Chephirah
  27. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 9:17-21 note 33
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Chephirah
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 9:17

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.