Places in the Bible Today:

Ham 2


Translated NamesEgyptian, Ham
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. another name for Egypt (ancient): very high confidence
    1. pyramids of Giza in EgyptEgypt

Verses (4)

Ps 78:51, 105:23, 105:27, 106:22

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier (2007)Ham 2
OpenBible.infoa2f3001 (Ham 2)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1069
WikipediaHam (son of Noah) (partial)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Atlas of the Biblical World (2019)
  3. Baker Book of Bible Charts, Maps, and Time Lines (2016)
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Ps 78:42-51
  9. HarperCollins Atlas of Bible History (2008)
  10. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  11. Holman Bible Atlas (1999)
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  13. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Ham
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. New Moody Atlas of the Bible (2009)
  17. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  18. Rand McNally Bible Atlas (1910)
  19. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981)
  20. Rose Then and Now Bible Map Atlas (2013)
  21. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016)
  22. Smith, Atlas of the Historical Geography of the Holy Land (1894)
  23. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001)
  24. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  25. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  26. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Ps 105:23

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Ricardo Liberato


This page identifies the current consensus around the modern location of this biblical place.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.