Places in the Bible Today:

Baal-hazor

Data

Translated NamesBaal-hazor, Baal Hazor
Typesmountain or settlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Jebel Asur (modern): 75% confidence
    1. panorama of Jebel AsurJebel Asur

  2. another name for Hazor 4 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet HazzurKhirbet Hazzur

Verses (1)

2Sam 13:23

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com210
Logos FactbookBaal-Hazor
OpenBible.info (2007)Baal-hazor
OpenBible.infoa366989 (Baal-hazor)
TIPNRBaal-hazor@2Sa.13.23
UBS Names Databaseot ID_584
WikidataQ3704851

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 431
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Baal-hazor (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Baal-hazor
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Baal Hazor
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Baal-hazor
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 174
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Baal-Hazor
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  10. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 13:23-34
  11. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 2Sam 13:23
  12. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Baal-hazor
  13. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Baal-hazor
  14. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  15. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  16. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 147
  17. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Baal-Hazor
  18. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Sam 13:23
  19. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Baal-hazor
  20. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 328
  21. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Baal-hazor
  22. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  23. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  24. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  25. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Baal-hazor
  26. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Baal-hazor
  27. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Baal Hasor
  28. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Baal-hazor
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Sam 13:23

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Jebel Asur), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Deror_avi, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.