Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesLo-debar, Lo-Debar, Lo Debar, Lodebar
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. Tel Dover (modern): 20% confidence
    1. panorama of Tel Dover, which is the hill just behind the fenceTel Dover

  2. Umm ed Debar (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Umm ed DebarUmm ed Debar

  3. Tell el Hamme (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el HammeTell el Hamme

  4. Ibdar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around IbdarIbdar

  5. Khirbet Hamid (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet HamidKhirbet Hamid

  6. Tell el Mughanniya (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el MughanniyaTell el Mughanniya

Verses (4)

1Sam-Esth (3)
2Sam 9:4, 9:5, 17:27
Job-Mal (1)
Amos 6:13

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookLo-debar (2007)Lo-debar
OpenBible.infoa376eed (Lo-debar)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Lo-debar (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Lo Debar
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Lo-debar
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 198
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Lo-Debar
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Sam 9:2-3
  10. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  11. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 9
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Lo-Debar
  13. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Sam 9:4; Amos 6:13
  14. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  15. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Lo-debar
  16. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  17. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  18. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Lodebar
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Lo-debar
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Lo-debar
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 13:24

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Aaadir, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.