Places in the Bible Today:

Kedesh-naphtali

Data

Translated NamesKedesh-naphtali, Kedesh in Naphtali, Kedesh in the land of Naphtali, Kedesh Naphtali
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Qedish (modern): 40% confidence
    1. panorama of Khirbet QedishKhirbet Qedish

  2. another name for Kedesh 1 (ancient): 30% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Tel KedeshTel Kedesh

    2. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu QedeisTell Abu Qedeis

    3. satellite view of the region around Tell QisyonTell Qisyon

    4. panorama of Tell RekheshTell Rekhesh

    5. satellite view of the region around Tell el AjjulTell el Ajjul

  3. Tel Kedesh (modern): 15% confidence
    1. ruins at Tel KedeshTel Kedesh

  4. Tell Abu Qedeis (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu QedeisTell Abu Qedeis

  5. another name for Kedesh 3 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu QedeisTell Abu Qedeis

    2. satellite view of the region around Tell QisyonTell Qisyon

    3. panorama of Tell RekheshTell Rekhesh

    4. satellite view of the region around Tell el AjjulTell el Ajjul

Verses (1)

Judg 4:6

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com577
Logos FactbookKedesh-naphtali
OpenBible.info (2007)Kedesh-naphtali
OpenBible.infoa48191b (Kedesh-naphtali)
TIPNRKedesh@Jos.12.22

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 438
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Kedesh (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990)
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Kedesh
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Kedesh-naphtali
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 103
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Kedesh
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  10. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 12:22; Judg 4:6
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Kedesh
  12. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Kedesh
  13. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  14. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 25
  15. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Kedesh
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Judg 4:6
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Kedesh in Naphtali
  19. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 3
  20. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Kedesh-naphtali
  21. New Bible Atlas (1985): Kedesh-naphtali
  22. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Kedesh, Kedesh in Naphtali
  23. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Kedesh
  24. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Kedesh
  25. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  26. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Kedesh-naphtali
  27. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Kedesh
  28. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Qedes Naftali
  29. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Kedesh
  30. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010): Kedesh (Naphtali, Lower Galilee)
  31. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Kedesh
  32. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 4:11; Judg 4:6

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Aner Ottolenghi, Natalinasser, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Aaadir

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.