Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameHarmon
Typesmountain, mountain ridge, natural area, region, or settlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

7 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Mount Hermon (ancient): 30% confidence
    1. panorama of Mount HermonMount Hermon

  2. Hermel (modern): 15% confidence
    1. monument at HermelHermel

  3. within 5 km of Rimmon 1 (ancient): 15% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around El Jai Cavewithin 5 km of El Jai Cave

    2. cityscape of Rammunwithin 5 km of Rammun

    3. panorama of Wadi Rummananehwithin 5 km of Wadi Rummananeh

    4. panorama of a region on the plateau east of Rammunwithin 5 km of the region plateau east of Rammun

  4. not a proper name (common noun): less than 10% confidence
  5. Armenia (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a valley in ArmeniaArmenia

  6. within 150 km of Minni (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of a river in Minniwithin 150 km of Qalaichi

  7. another name for Amana (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Jebel ZabadaniJebel Zabadani

    2. panorama looking southeast at Mount AmanaMount Amana

Verses (1)

Amos 4:3

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMount Hermon (2007)Harmon
OpenBible.infoa553fe6 (Harmon)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_895


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013)
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000)
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Harmon
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  7. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Amos 4:3
  8. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  9. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  10. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  11. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): Amos 4:2-3
  12. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001)
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Almog, Rabih omeiri, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, יעקב, Bukvoed, הא בהא טליה, Max Dawncat, Hossein Zahedi Bouket, KRkade


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.