Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesBesor, Besor Valley, Brook Besor, Wadi Besor
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Nahal HaBesor (modern): 90% confidence
    1. closeup of Nahal HaBesorNahal HaBesor

  2. Nahal Gerar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of vegetation along Nahal GerarNahal Gerar

Verses (3)

1Sam 30:9, 30:10, 30:21

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookBesor (2007)Besor
OpenBible.infoa57df09 (Besor)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_650


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Besor, the Brook (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Besor
  3. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Besor, Wadi
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 1Sam 30:9-20
  6. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 1Sam 30:9
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Besor
  9. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Besor
  10. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  11. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Besor
  12. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  13. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Nahal Besor
  14. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Besor
  15. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Besor
  16. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  17. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Sam 30:9

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Nahal HaBesor), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Mboesch, Aaadir


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.