Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesEnaim, Eynayim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Enam (ancient): 50% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Beit IkaKhirbet Beit Ika

    2. satellite view of the region around Khirbet en Nabi BulusKhirbet en Nabi Bulus

    3. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el AlyaKhirbet el Alya

    4. satellite view of the region around Khirbet KheishumKhirbet Kheishum

  2. not a proper name (common noun for "crossroads"): less than 10% confidence
  3. along Nahal Yarmut (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. closeup of Nahal Yarmutalong Nahal Yarmut

  4. within 5 km of the Valley of Elah (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama looking east of the Valley of Elahwithin 5 km of the Valley of Elah

Verses (2)

Gen 38:14, 38:21

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEnaim (2007)Enaim
OpenBible.infoa59fdf2 (Enaim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2217


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Enaim (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Enaim
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Enaim, Enam
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Enaim
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Enaim
  6. Hamilton, Genesis (1995): 38:13-14
  7. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 38:14 note
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Enaim
  9. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Enaim
  10. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Gen 38:14
  11. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Enaim
  12. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 176
  13. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Enaim
  14. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  15. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Enaim
  16. Wenham, Genesis (1987, 1994): 38:14
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Enaim

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Enam), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Bukvoed, Shabatashtiot


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.