Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesShahazimah, Shahazumah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. El Karm (modern): 30% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around El KarmEl Karm

  2. Sheikh Mazghith (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Sheikh MazghithSheikh Mazghith

  3. Tell Rekhesh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tell RekheshTell Rekhesh

  4. Sheikh esh Shamsawi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Sheikh esh ShamsawiSheikh esh Shamsawi

  5. Hadita (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around HaditaHadita

Verses (1)

Josh 19:22

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookShahazumah (2007)Shahazumah
OpenBible.infoa5b01f4 (Shahazumah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2844
WikipediaCities in the Book of Joshua (nonunique url)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Shahazumah (place)
  2. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 21
  3. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Shahazumah
  4. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Shahazumah
  5. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Shahazimah
  6. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Harel M, Aaadir


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.