Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameZimri
Notespotentially a cipher for Elam; if not that, then likely somewhere near Elam
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. within 650 km of Elam (ancient): 35% confidence
    1. ruins at Shushwithin 650 km of Shush

  2. not a place (textual corruption or cipher for Elam): 30% confidence
  3. within 200 km of Lake Urmia (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Lake Urmiawithin 200 km of Lake Urmia

Verses (1)

Jer 25:25

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZimri (2007)Zimri
OpenBible.infoa5bbf9c (Zimri)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zimri (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Zimri (place)
  3. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Zimri
  4. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zimri
  5. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  6. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Carole Raddato, Hosein.Kheiryfam


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.