Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameZenan
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. within 12 km of Lachish (ancient): 55% confidence
    1. ruins at Tell ed Duweirwithin 12 km of Tell ed Duweir

  2. Iraq el Kharab (modern): 35% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Iraq el KharabIraq el Kharab

  3. Tel Erani (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Tel EraniTel Erani

  4. Khirbet Summeily (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet SummeilyKhirbet Summeily

Verses (1)

Josh 15:37

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZenan (2007)Zenan
OpenBible.infoa5e1150 (Zenan)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2523
WikipediaCities in the Book of Joshua (nonunique url)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zaanan (place); Zenan (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Zenan
  3. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zenan
  4. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  5. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zenan
  6. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 15:33-47
  7. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 188, 189, 190
  8. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Zenan
  9. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Zenan
  10. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zenan
  11. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Zenan
  12. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:37
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

DYKT Mohigan, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, יפעת אופק


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.