Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesAshtaroth, Ashterathite, Astaroth
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Tell Ashtara (modern): 80% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell AshtaraTell Ashtara

Verses (7)

Gen-Deut (1)
Deut 1:4
Josh-Ruth (4)
Josh 9:10, 12:4, 13:12, 13:31
1Sam-Esth (2)
1Chr 6:71, 11:44

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookAshtaroth (2007)Ashtaroth
OpenBible.infoa6fea11 (Ashtaroth)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2346
WikipediaAshteroth Karnaim (partial)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 431
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ashtaroth (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Ashtaroth; Ashteroth Karnaim
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Ashtaroth
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 216
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Ashtaroth
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 12:4-5
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Ashtaroth
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Ashtaroth
  11. Hartley, Genesis (2000): 14:5 note
  12. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 3
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  14. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 249
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Ashtaroth
  16. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 9:10
  17. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Beeshterah
  18. Matthews, Genesis (1996, 2005): 14:5-7
  19. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Ashtaroth, Ashtoreth
  20. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  21. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  22. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  23. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Ashtaroth
  24. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Ashtaroth, Ashterathite
  25. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Astaroth
  26. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Ashtaroth
  27. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 21:27-33
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Ashtaroth
  29. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 12:4

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.