Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesChun, Cun, Kun
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Ras Baalbek (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras BaalbekRas Baalbek

  2. another name for Berothai (ancient): 15% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around BritalBrital

    2. satellite view of the region around GhanturGhantur

    3. satellite view of the region around Ain BourdaiAin Bourdai

    4. cityscape of BeirutBeirut

  3. Tell Maqne (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell MaqneTell Maqne

  4. not a place (verb): less than 10% confidence

Verses (1)

1Chr 18:8

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookCun (2007)Cun
OpenBible.infoa70f9d3 (Cun)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1533


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 433
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Cun (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Cun
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Cun
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 1Chr 18:8; 2Sam 8:3-12
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Cun
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Cun
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Sam 8:8
  12. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  13. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Cun
  14. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Cun
  15. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Cun
  16. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Kun
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Chr 18:8

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Yoniw


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.