Places in the Bible Today:

Brook of Egypt


Translated NamesBrook of Egypt, brook of Egypt, Egypt, river of Egypt, Stream of Egypt, valley of Egypt, Wadi of Egypt, wadi of Egypt
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Wadi al Arish (modern): 65% confidence
    1. mouth of Wadi al ArishWadi al Arish

  2. Nahal HaBesor (modern): 15% confidence
    1. closeup of Nahal HaBesorNahal HaBesor

  3. another name for the Shihor 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Qantir along the Pelusiac branch of the NilePelusiac branch of the Nile

    2. mouth of Wadi al ArishWadi al Arish

    3. panorama of the Nile RiverNile River

  4. Pelusiac branch of the Nile (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Qantir along the Pelusiac branch of the NilePelusiac branch of the Nile

Verses (9)

Gen-Deut (1)
Num 34:5
Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 15:4, 15:47
1Sam-Esth (3)
1Kgs 8:65
2Kgs 24:7
2Chr 7:8
Job-Mal (3)
Isa 27:12
Ezek 47:19, 48:28

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookBrook of Egypt (2007)Brook of Egypt, Egypt
OpenBible.infoa7a59b4 (Brook of Egypt)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Egypt, Brook of
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Brook of Egypt
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Egypt, river of
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 250
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Egypt, Brook of
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 2Kgs 24:7 note; Num 34:3-5; 2Kgs 24:7 note; Isa 27:12 note
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Egypt (Brook of the)
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Brook of Egypt
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Wadi of Egypt
  12. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 10
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  14. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 66
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Brook of Egypt
  16. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): page 64
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 34:1-12; 1Kgs 4:21
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Egypt, Brook of
  19. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 56
  20. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Egypt, Brook of
  21. New Bible Atlas (1985): Brook of Egypt
  22. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  23. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Egypt, Brook of
  24. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  25. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): page 30
  26. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Brook of Egypt
  27. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Nahal Misrayim
  28. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Egypt, River of
  29. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 13:3
  30. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Lebo-Hamath; Philistine
  31. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  32. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  33. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 34:4; 1Kgs 8:65

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Wadi al Arish), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

اسماء البيك, Mboesch, Iri-en-achti, René Hourdry


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.