Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameZemaraim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Ras et Tahuneh (modern): 40% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras et TahunehRas et Tahuneh

  2. Khirbet es Samra (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet es SamraKhirbet es Samra

  3. Rammun (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of RammunRammun

  4. Ras ez Zemara (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama looking north including Ras ez Zemara, which is behind the buildings at centerRas ez Zemara

  5. Khirbet el Mazari’a (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el Mazari’aKhirbet el Mazari’a

Verses (1)

Josh 18:22

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZemaraim (2007)Zemaraim
OpenBible.infoa811a10 (Zemaraim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2522
WikipediaCities in the Book of Joshua (nonunique url)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 443
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zemaraim (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Zemaraim
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Zemaraim
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Zemaraim
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Zemaraim
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zemaraim
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Zemaraim
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 18
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  14. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 321, 322, 323
  15. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  16. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Zemaraim
  17. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  18. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Zemaraim
  19. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  20. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zemaraim
  21. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Zemaraim
  22. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Semarayim
  23. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Zemaraim
  24. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 18:21-24 note 1
  25. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Zemaraim
  26. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  27. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  28. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): pages 140, 141

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, יעקב, Own work


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.