Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesEdom, Teman
Typesregion or settlement
Notessometimes treated as synonymous with Edom or either its northern or southern territory
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

9 Possible Identifications

  1. about 30 km around Bozrah 1 (ancient): 25% confidence
    1. ruins at Buseiraabout 30 km around Buseira

  2. Tawilan (modern): 25% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around TawilanTawilan

  3. another name for Edom (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at BuseiraEdom

  4. another name for Bozrah 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at BuseiraBuseira

  5. Carcaria (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at CarcariaCarcaria

  6. Gharandal (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around GharandalGharandal

  7. Ma’an (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. streetscape of Ma’anMa’an

  8. Tuwaneh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around TuwanehTuwaneh

  9. Udruh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at UdruhUdruh

Verses (6)

  1. Jer 49:7, 49:20
  2. Ezek 25:13
  3. Amos 1:12
  4. Obad 9
  5. Hab 3:3

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookTeman (city) (2007)Teman
OpenBible.infoa831506 (Teman)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 442
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Teman (person)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Teman
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Teman
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 235
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Teman
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 286
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Teman
  12. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Jer 49:7
  13. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 2
  14. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Teman
  15. New Bible Atlas (1985): Teman
  16. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Teman
  17. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  18. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): Obad 8-9
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Teman
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Teman
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Jer 49:7; Jer 49:7; Obad 1:9

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Uri, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, H.P. Frei, Adeeb Atwan, Bashar Tabbah


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.