Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameSalim
Typessettlement or wadi
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. Tel Shalem (modern): 25% confidence
    1. panorama of Tel ShalemTel Shalem

  2. Salim (modern): 15% confidence
    1. aerial cityscape of SalimSalim

  3. Tell Abu Sus (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell Abu SusTell Abu Sus

  4. Umm el Umdan (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama looking north including Umm el UmdanUmm el Umdan

  5. Wadi Saleim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Wadi SaleimWadi Saleim

  6. within 5 km of Aenon (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. baptismal area at Aenonwithin 5 km of Aenon

Verses (1)

John 3:23

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookSalim (2007)Salim
OpenBible.infoa86e0b0 (Salim)
UBS Names Databasent ID_997


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Salim (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Salim
  3. Baker Encyclopedia of Bible Places (1995)
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Salim
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Salim
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Salim
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 155
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Salim
  12. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Salim
  13. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Salim
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): John 3:23
  18. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Salim
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Salim
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Salim
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

אור פ, יעקב, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Hussein shejaeya, Berthold Werner


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.