Places in the Bible Today:

Penuel

Data

Translated NamesPeniel, Penuel
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell edh Dhahab esh Sherqiyeh (modern): 70% confidence
    1. panorama of Tell edh Dhahab esh SherqiyehTell edh Dhahab esh Sherqiyeh

  2. Tell edh Dhahab el Gharbi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of the Jabbok River and Tell edh Dhahab el GharbiTell edh Dhahab el Gharbi

Verses (6)

Gen-Deut (2)
Gen 32:30, 32:31
Josh-Ruth (3)
Judg 8:8, 8:9, 8:17
1Sam-Esth (1)
1Kgs 12:25

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Logos FactbookPenuel (city)
OpenBible.info (2007)Peniel, Penuel
OpenBible.infoa8a9ff9 (Penuel)
TIPNRPeniel@Gen.32.30
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2411, ot ID_2412
WikidataQ733822

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 440
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Penuel (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Penuel; Peniel
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Penuel
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 223
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Penuel (place)
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Penuel
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Penuel
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Penuel
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 9
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  15. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 264
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Penuel
  17. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Penuel
  18. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Judg 8:8
  19. Matthews, Genesis (1996, 2005): 32:2
  20. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Penuel
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  23. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Penuel
  24. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Penuel
  25. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Penuel
  26. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Penuel
  27. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Penuel
  28. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  29. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 8:8

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Tell edh Dhahab esh Sherqiyeh), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

יעקב, E. Rehfeld

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.