Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesGozan, Gozan River, River of Gozan
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. Tell Halaf (modern): 85% confidence
    1. ruins at Tell HalafTell Halaf

Verses (5)

1Sam-Esth (4)
2Kgs 17:6, 18:11, 19:12
1Chr 5:26
Job-Mal (1)
Isa 37:12

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookGozan (2007)Gozan
OpenBible.infoa924b16 (Gozan)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_704


  1. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Gozan
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Gozan
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Gozan
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gozan
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Gozan
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Gozan
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Gozan
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Gozan
  12. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Gozan
  13. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Kgs 18:11
  14. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Gozan
  15. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Gozan
  16. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  17. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  18. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  19. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Gozan
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gozan
  21. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 17:6
  24. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 119

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits



This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.