Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamePethor
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Pitru (ancient): more than 95% confidence. It may be:
    1. art from Til BarsipTil Barsip

    2. satellite view of the region around Tell AushariyeTell Aushariye

  2. Til Barsip (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. art from Til BarsipTil Barsip

Verses (2)

  1. Num 22:5
  2. Deut 23:4

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookPethor (2007)Pethor
OpenBible.infoaa9e754 (Pethor)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2465


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Pethor (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Pethor
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Pethor
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Pethor
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Pethor
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Pethor
  7. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  8. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Pethor
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 22:5
  10. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Pethor
  11. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Pethor
  12. New Bible Atlas (1985): Pethor
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Pethor
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  16. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Pethor
  17. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Pethor
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 22:5
  20. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 69

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Pitru), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Trjames, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.