Places in the Bible Today:

Heshbon

Data

Translated NameHeshbon
Typesettlement
Notesthe central difficulty with Tell Hesban is that there aren’t archaeological remains old enough for Sihon; it’s possible the settlement moved here afterward
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell Hesban (modern): 45% confidence
    1. ruins at Tell HesbanTell Hesban

  2. Tall Jalul (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tall JalulTall Jalul

  3. Tall al Umayri (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of ruins at Tall al UmayriTall al Umayri

Verses (37)

Gen-Deut (16)
Num 21:25, 21:26, 21:27, 21:28, 21:30, 21:34, 32:3, 32:37
Deut 1:4, 2:24, 2:26, 2:30, 3:2, 3:6, 4:46, 29:7
Josh-Ruth (11)
Josh 9:10, 12:2, 12:5, 13:10, 13:17, 13:21, 13:26, 13:27, 21:39
Judg 11:19, 11:26
1Sam-Esth (2)
1Chr 6:81
Neh 9:22
Job-Mal (8)
Song 7:4
Isa 15:4, 16:8, 16:9
Jer 48:2, 48:34, 48:45, 49:3

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Biblemapper.com512
Logos FactbookHeshbon
OpenBible.info (2007)Heshbon
OpenBible.infoabf2fc1 (Heshbon)
TIPNRHeshbon@Num.21.25
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1176
WikidataQ1615584

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 436
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Heshbon (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Heshbon
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Heshbon
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Heshbon
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 233
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Heshbon
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  10. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 12:2
  11. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Heshbon
  12. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Heshbon
  13. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Heshbon
  14. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  15. Hess, Joshua (1996): The location of Heshbon
  16. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  17. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 277
  18. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Heshbon
  19. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Heshbon
  20. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 21:25-28
  21. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Heshbon
  22. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Heshbon
  23. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  24. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  25. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  26. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Heshbon
  27. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Heshbon
  28. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Hesbon
  29. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Heshbon
  30. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 12:2 note 8
  31. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Heshbon
  32. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  33. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  34. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Deut 2:24; Num 21:23; Num 21:23; Judg 11:19; Jer 48:2

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Bashar Tabbah, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Bashar Tabbah

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.