Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameMakkedah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet el Qom (modern): 45% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el QomKhirbet el Qom

  2. Khirbet Beit Maqdum (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Beit MaqdumKhirbet Beit Maqdum

  3. Tell Beit Mirsim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. artifact from Tell Beit MirsimTell Beit Mirsim

  4. Tel Goded (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cave at Tel GodedTel Goded

  5. Khirbet Kheishum (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet KheishumKhirbet Kheishum

  6. Tell Bornat (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of Tell BornatTell Bornat

Verses (8)

Josh 10:10, 10:16, 10:17, 10:21, 10:28, 10:29, 12:16, 15:41

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMakkedah (2007)Makkedah
OpenBible.infoabf8e4e (Makkedah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1832
WikipediaMakkedah (redirect)


  1. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Makkedah
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Makkedah
  3. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Makkedah
  5. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Makkedah
  6. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  7. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 131
  8. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Makkedah
  9. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 10:10
  10. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 203, 204
  11. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 6
  12. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Makkedah
  13. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): page 40
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Makkedah
  15. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Makeda
  16. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:41
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  19. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 10:10; Mic 1:11-12

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet el Qom), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Hanay, Deror avi, Joeuziel


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.