Places in the Bible Today:

Ebenezer 1


Translated NamesEben-ezer, Ebenezer
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Izbet Sartah (modern): 60% confidence
    1. ruins at Izbet SartahIzbet Sartah

  2. Majdel Yaba (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at Majdel YabaMajdel Yaba

Verses (2)

1Sam 4:1, 5:1

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEbenezer (2007)Ebenezer
OpenBible.infoabfdefc (Ebenezer 1)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_43


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ebenezer (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Ebenezer
  3. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 133
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Ebenezer
  6. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  7. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 1Sam 4:1b
  8. Gordon, I and II Samuel (1986): 1Sam 4:1
  9. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 166
  10. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Ebenezer
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Sam 4:1
  12. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Ebenezer
  13. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  14. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Ebenezer
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Ebenezer
  18. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Ebenezer
  19. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  21. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Sam 4:1

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Izbet Sartah), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Ori~, Bukvoed


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.