Places in the Bible Today:

Valley of Lebanon

Data

Translated NamesLebanon Valley, Valley of Lebanon, valley of Lebanon
Typevalley
Notesincludes Baal-gad
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Beqaa Valley (modern): more than 95% confidence
    1. panorama of the Beqaa ValleyBeqaa Valley

  2. upper Huleh Valley (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of the upper Huleh Valleyupper Huleh Valley

Verses (2)

Josh 11:17, 12:7

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
Logos FactbookValley of Lebanon
OpenBible.info (2007)Valley of Lebanon
OpenBible.infoac2192b (Valley of Lebanon)
TIPNRLebanon_Valley@Jos.11.17

Sources

  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 238
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Lebanon
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Lebanon (Valley of)
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Lebanon
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Lebanon, valley of
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Lebanon
  7. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Lebanon
  8. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 11:16-17
  9. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Lebanon
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Lebanon
  11. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Lebanon
  12. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Lebanon
  13. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 11:17

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Beqaa Valley), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Rasmus Bøgeskov Larsen, Jotpe

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.