Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameZior
Noteslikely south or southwest of Hebron
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. within 10 km of Hebron (ancient): 50% confidence
    1. ruins at Tel Rumeidawithin 10 km of Tel Rumeida

  2. Sair (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around SairSair

Verses (1)

Josh 15:54

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZior (2007)Zior
OpenBible.infoac2907d (Zior)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2508


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zior (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Zior
  3. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 15:54
  4. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zior
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zior
  7. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 15:48-60
  8. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 242
  9. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Zior
  10. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  11. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Zior
  12. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  13. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zior
  14. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Zior
  15. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:54
  16. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Zior
  17. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  18. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, within 10 km of Hebron), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Dr. Avishai Teicher, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.