Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameIthnan
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Mesudat Har Hemet (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Mesudat Har HemetMesudat Har Hemet

  2. El Jebariyeh (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around El JebariyehEl Jebariyeh

  3. within 5 km of Khirbet Abu Tulul (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Abu Tululwithin 5 km of Khirbet Abu Tulul

Verses (1)

Josh 15:23

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookIthnan (2007)Ithnan
OpenBible.infoac333a2 (Ithnan)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1516
WikipediaCities in the Book of Joshua (nonunique url)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Ithnan (place)
  2. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  3. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 123, 124
  4. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Hazar-ithnan
  5. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:23

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.