Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesGath-hepher, Gath-Hepher, Gath Hepher, Gittah-hepher
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. Tel Gat Hefer (modern): 80% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tel Gat HeferTel Gat Hefer

  2. Mashhad (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of MashhadMashhad

Verses (2)

Josh-Ruth (1)
Josh 19:13
1Sam-Esth (1)
2Kgs 14:25

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookGath-hepher (2007)Gath-hepher
OpenBible.infoac51cec (Gath-hepher)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_775


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 434
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Gath-hepher (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Gittah-hepher; Gath-hepher
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Gath Hepher
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Gath-hepher
  6. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  7. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gath-Hepher
  8. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  9. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Josh 19:13
  10. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Gath-hepher
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 20
  13. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  14. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 208
  15. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Gath-Hepher
  16. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 2Kgs 14:25
  17. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  18. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Gath-hepher
  19. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  20. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  21. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Gath-hepher
  22. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Gath-hepher
  23. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Gath-hepher
  24. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Gath-hepher
  25. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 19:13-14
  26. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gath-hepher
  27. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  28. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  29. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 2Kgs 14:25
  30. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 188

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Tel Gat Hefer), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Hanay


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.