Places in the Bible Today:

Mizpeh 3


Translated NamesMizpah, Mizpeh
Notesof Moab
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Kir-hareseth (ancient): 25% confidence
    1. castle at KerakKerak

  2. Rujm el Meshrefeh (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Rujm el MeshrefehRujm el Meshrefeh

  3. in Moab 1 (ancient): 20% confidence
    1. panorama of a wadi in Moab 1in Moab 1

Verses (1)

1Sam 22:3

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMizpah (of Moab) (2007)Mizpeh 3
OpenBible.infoac702f1 (Mizpeh 3)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1828


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Mizpah (place)
  2. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Mizpah, Mizpeh
  3. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Mizpah, Mizpeh
  4. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  5. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 280
  6. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Sam 22:3
  7. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Mizpah of Moab
  8. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Mizpah
  9. New Bible Dictionary (1996)
  10. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Mizpeh
  11. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Mizpeh
  12. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  14. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Sam 22:3
  15. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 90

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Berthold Werner, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Adeeb Atwan


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.