Places in the Bible Today:



Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

7 Possible Identifications

  1. Tell el Khirbeh (modern): 40% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell el KhirbehTell el Khirbeh

  2. Qarn Hattin (modern): 15% confidence
    1. panorama of Qarn HattinQarn Hattin

  3. Maroun al Ras (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Maroun al RasMaroun al Ras

  4. Bint Jbeil (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of Bint JbeilBint Jbeil

  5. Har Zevi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Har ZeviHar Zevi

  6. Khirbet el Biar (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el BiarKhirbet el Biar

  7. Meiron (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at MeironMeiron

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMerom
OpenBible.infoacea44c (Merom)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Merom, Waters of (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Merom; Water of Merom; Meron
  4. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Merom
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Merom
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 153
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011): Merom
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Merom
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  10. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Merom (Waters of)
  11. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Merom
  12. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  13. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 20
  14. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003): Merom
  15. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 220
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Merom, Waters of
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Josh 11:1
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Merom, Waters of
  19. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 3
  20. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Merom, Waters of
  21. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  22. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Merom
  23. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  24. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): pages 129, 136
  25. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Merom
  26. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Merom, Waters of
  27. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Merom
  28. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Merom
  29. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 11:5
  30. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Merom
  31. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010): Merom, Waters of
  32. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  33. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Josh 11:3
  34. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 75

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Zeromancer44, Own work, עמית אבידן, Yael Alef


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.