Places in the Bible Today:

Babylon 2

Data

Translated NameBabylon
Typesettlement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

6 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Rome (ancient): more than 95% confidence
    1. panorama of ruins at RomeRome

  2. another name for Jerusalem (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. aerial cityscape of JerusalemJerusalem

  3. another name for Antioch 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at Antioch on the OrontesAntioch on the Orontes

  4. not a place (cipher): less than 10% confidence
  5. Babylon el Darag (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. church at Babylon el DaragBabylon el Darag

  6. another name for Babylon 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. Ishtar gate from BabylonBabylon

Verses (1)

1Pet 5:13

Linked Data Identifiers

SourceIdentifier
OpenBible.info (2007)Babylon
OpenBible.infoae5ede9 (Babylon 2)
TIPNRBabylon@Gen.10.10
UBS Names Databasent ID_190

Sources

  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Babylon (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Babylon
  3. CSB Study Bible (2017): 1 John 5:12-14
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Peter, First Letter of
  5. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Babylon
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Babylon in the NT
  7. IVP New Testament Bible Background Commentary (1993): 1Pet 5:13
  8. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Babylon
  9. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Babylon
  10. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Babylon, NT
  11. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): 1Pet 5:13
  12. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Babylon
  13. Wright, New Testament in Its World (2019): 1Pet 5:12-14
  14. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Babylon
  15. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Babylon (NT)
  16. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): 1Pet 5:13

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (conneceted by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, another name for Rome), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Chalaph, Godot13, Volkan Hatem, Roland Unger, Radomir Vrbovsky

About

This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.