Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameMiddin
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Abu Tabaq (modern): 45% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Abu TabaqKhirbet Abu Tabaq

  2. Qashr el Yahud (modern): 15% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of ruins at Qashr el YahudQashr el Yahud

  3. Hyrcania (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at HyrcaniaHyrcania

Verses (1)

Josh 15:61

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookMiddin (2007)Middin
OpenBible.infoaec139c (Middin)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1688
WikipediaMiddin (redirect)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 439
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Middin (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Middin
  4. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  5. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Middin
  6. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  7. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  8. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  9. Holman Illustrated Guide to Bible Geography (2020): page 122
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Middin
  11. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 291, 294
  12. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  13. New Bible Atlas (1985): Middin
  14. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Middin
  17. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Middin
  18. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 15:61-62 note 2
  19. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Middin
  20. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  21. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Netanelshles, tomerp


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.