Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesGabbatha, Pavement, The Pavement, The Stone Pavement, the Stone Pavement
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

2 Possible Identifications

  1. within 500 m of Herod’s palace (ancient): 65% confidence
    1. model of Herod’s palace in Jerusalemwithin 500 m of Herod’s palace in Jerusalem

  2. Convent of the Sisters of Zion (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. exterior of the Convent of the Sisters of ZionConvent of the Sisters of Zion

Verses (1)

John 19:13

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookThe Stone Pavement (2007)Gabbatha, The Stone Pavement
OpenBible.infoaec23b1 (Gabbatha)
UBS Names Databasent ID_242


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Gabbatha (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Gabbatha
  3. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 187
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Gabbatha
  5. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Gabbatha
  6. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  7. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Gabbatha
  8. IVP New Testament Bible Background Commentary (1993): John 19:13
  9. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Gabbatha
  10. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Gabbatha
  11. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  12. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  13. Revised Expositor’s Bible Commentary (2012): John 19:13
  14. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 190
  15. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Gabbatha
  16. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  17. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): John 19:13
  18. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 379

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, within 500 m of Herod’s palace), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Berthold Werner, Berthold Werner


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.