Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesArumah, Tormah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet Urmah (modern): 70% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet UrmahKhirbet Urmah

  2. another name for Rumah (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. ruins at Horbat RumahHorbat Rumah

    2. satellite view of the region around Deir ed DomehDeir ed Domeh

    3. cityscape of DuraDura

  3. Horbat Rumah (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. ruins at Horbat RumahHorbat Rumah

  4. Beit Rima (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at Beit RimaBeit Rima

Verses (2)

Judg 9:31, 9:41

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArumah (2007)Arumah
OpenBible.infoaf536fb (Arumah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_353
WikipediaArumah (redirect)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 430
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arumah (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arumah
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 165
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arumah
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arumah
  9. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Arumah
  10. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  11. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  12. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Arumah
  13. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  14. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  15. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Arumah
  16. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 152
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Arumah
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Aruma
  19. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  20. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  21. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Judg 9:41
  22. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 118

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Khirbet Urmah), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, דותן דני, יעקב, KafrAdDeek


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.