Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesAcacia Grove, Shittim
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

3 Possible Identifications

  1. Tall el Hammam (modern): 70% confidence
    1. panorama of Tall el HammamTall el Hammam

  2. Tall Kafrayn (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tall KafraynTall Kafrayn

  3. Tell Matabi (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Tell MatabiTell Matabi

Verses (5)

Gen-Deut (1)
Num 25:1
Josh-Ruth (2)
Josh 2:1, 3:1
Job-Mal (2)
Hos 5:2
Mic 6:5

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookShittim (2007)Shittim
OpenBible.infoaf64fb3 (Shittim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2849


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 429
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Shittim (place)
  3. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Abel-shittim; Shittim
  4. Baker Encyclopedia of Bible Places (1995)
  5. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Shittim
  6. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 202
  7. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011): Abel-shittim
  8. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Shittim
  9. ESV Bible Atlas (2010): Abel-shittim
  10. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Abel-shittim
  11. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Shittim
  12. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Shittim
  13. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991): Abel-shittim
  14. Hess, Joshua (1996): 2:1
  15. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  16. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Shittim
  17. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Num 25:1; Num 33:1-49; Num 33:1-49
  18. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Shittim
  19. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 4
  20. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Abel Acacia Grove
  21. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Shittim
  22. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  23. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Abel-shittim
  24. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  25. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Shittim
  26. Schlegel, Satellite Bible Atlas (2016): Abel-shittim
  27. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Abel-shittim
  28. Woudstra, Joshua (1981): 2:1 note 4
  29. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Shittim
  30. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  31. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  32. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Num 25:1
  33. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 73

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Tall el Hammam), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Places with Similar Names

Thumbnail Image Credits

Deg777, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.