Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameNob
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

7 Possible Identifications

  1. Ras el Mesharif (modern): 20% confidence
    1. panorama of Ras el MesharifRas el Mesharif

  2. Ras Umm et Tala (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras Umm et TalaRas Umm et Tala

  3. Isawiya (modern): 15% confidence
    1. cityscape of IsawiyaIsawiya

  4. Ras Tumeim (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Ras TumeimRas Tumeim

  5. Qu’meh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of Shuafat on Qu’mehQu’meh

  6. French Hill (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. buildings at French HillFrench Hill

  7. Et Tur (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. building at Et TurEt Tur

Verses (7)

1Sam-Esth (6)
1Sam 21:1, 22:9, 22:11, 22:19
2Sam 21:16
Neh 11:32
Job-Mal (1)
Isa 10:32

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookNob (2007)Nob
OpenBible.infoafdda14 (Nob)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_1912


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 440
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Nob (place)
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Nob
  4. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 188
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Nob
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): 1Sam 21:1-6; Neh 11:32
  9. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Nob
  10. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Nob
  11. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  12. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  13. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Nob
  14. IVP Atlas of Bible History (2006): Nob
  15. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): 1Sam 21:1
  16. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 274
  17. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 7
  18. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Nob
  19. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Nob
  20. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  21. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  22. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  23. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Nob
  24. Rogerson, New Atlas of the Bible (1985): page 171
  25. Sacred Bridge (2014): page 235
  26. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Nob
  27. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Nob
  28. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Nob
  29. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  30. Zondervan Pictorial Bible Atlas (1972): page 90

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Hoheit, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Hidro, Ynhockey, Rotem Danzig, Djampa


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.