Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameKoa
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

1 Identification

  1. another name for Gutium (ancient): 50% confidence
    1. panorama of a mountain in GutiumGutium

Verses (1)

Ezek 23:23

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookKoa (2007)Koa
OpenBible.infoafe6972 (Koa)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Koa
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Koa
  3. Barnes, Historical Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  4. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Koa
  5. Expositor’s Bible Commentary (1984): Ezek 23:23 note
  6. Faithlife Media
  7. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007)
  8. Holman Bible Atlas (1999)
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Koa
  11. IVP Old Testament Bible Background Commentary (2000): Ezek 23:23
  12. National Geographic, The Biblical World (2007)
  13. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Koa
  14. New Moody Atlas of the Bible (2009)
  15. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Koa
  16. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  17. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Koa
  18. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001)
  19. Wikimedia Commons
  20. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Koa
  21. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)
  22. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary (2009): Ezek 23:23

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identification is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits



This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain.

The isobands you see on the map (gray areas with dark borders) attempt to give you confidence where a region is. Because many ancient regions aren't precisely defined, I consulted atlases to determine where the biblical region is located and used that data to build the isobands. The smaller isobands reflect more confidence that the given isoband is in the region, while the larger isobands reflect less confidence. Isobands are a kind of contour line that here indicate confidence levels.