Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameRumah
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Horbat Rumah (modern): 60% confidence
    1. ruins at Horbat RumahHorbat Rumah

  2. another name for Arumah (ancient): 15% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet UrmahKhirbet Urmah

    2. building at Beit RimaBeit Rima

    3. ruins at Horbat RumahHorbat Rumah

  3. another name for Adoraim (ancient): less than 10% confidence
    1. cityscape of DuraDura

  4. Deir ed Domeh (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Deir ed DomehDeir ed Domeh

  5. another name for Dumah 1 (ancient): less than 10% confidence. It may be:
    1. satellite view of the region around Deir ed DomehDeir ed Domeh

    2. cityscape of DuraDura

Verses (1)

2Kgs 23:36

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookRumah (2007)Rumah
OpenBible.infoa0009b3 (Rumah)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2673
WikipediaList of minor biblical places#Rumah (anchor)


  1. Aharoni, Land of the Bible (1979): page 441
  2. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Rumah (place)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Rumah
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Rumah
  5. Carta Bible Atlas, 5th Edition (2011)
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Rumah
  7. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Rumah
  8. Hammond Atlas of the Bible Lands (2007): Rumah
  9. HarperCollins Concise Atlas of the Bible (1991)
  10. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  11. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Rumah
  12. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): pages 244, 245
  13. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  14. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Rumah
  15. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  16. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Rumah
  17. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  18. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Rumah
  19. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Ruma
  20. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Rumah
  21. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Rumah
  22. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  23. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others (in this case, Horbat Rumah), then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

דותן דני, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, KafrAdDeek, יעקב


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.