Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesElon-bezaanannim, Zaanaim, Zaanannim
Notesit’s possible that these two verses refer to different places
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

4 Possible Identifications

  1. Hanot Taggarim (modern): 45% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of ruins at Hanot TaggarimHanot Taggarim

  2. Khirbet Bessum (modern): 20% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet BessumKhirbet Bessum

  3. Lejjun (modern): 15% confidence
    1. recent ruins at LejjunLejjun

  4. Shajarat el Kalb (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Shajarat el KalbShajarat el Kalb

Verses (2)

  1. Josh 19:33
  2. Judg 4:11

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookZaanannim (2007)Zaanannim
OpenBible.infoa0c4f5e (Zaanannim)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2526


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Zaanannim (place)
  2. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Zaanannim
  3. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Zaanannim
  4. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  5. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Zaanannim
  6. HarperCollins Bible Dictionary (2011): Zaanannim
  7. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Zaanannim
  8. New Bible Dictionary (1996): Zaanannim, Zaanaim
  9. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009)
  10. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988)
  11. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Zaanannim
  12. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  13. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Liorca, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019, Moataz1997


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.