Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NameEnam
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. another name for Enaim (ancient): 40% confidence. It may be:
    1. closeup of Nahal Yarmutalong Nahal Yarmut

    2. panorama looking east of the Valley of Elahwithin 5 km of the Valley of Elah

  2. Khirbet Beit Ika (modern): 15% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet Beit IkaKhirbet Beit Ika

  3. Khirbet en Nabi Bulus (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet en Nabi BulusKhirbet en Nabi Bulus

  4. Khirbet el Alya (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet el AlyaKhirbet el Alya

  5. Khirbet Kheishum (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. satellite view of the region around Khirbet KheishumKhirbet Kheishum

Verses (1)

Josh 15:34

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookEnam (2007)Enam
OpenBible.infoa26921e (Enam)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_2218
WikipediaList of minor biblical places#Enam (anchor)


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Enam (place)
  2. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Enaim, Enam
  3. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Enam
  4. Hess, Joshua (1996): table 11
  5. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  6. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979)
  7. McKinny, Historical Geography of the Administrative Division of Judah (2014): page 176
  8. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Enam
  9. New Interpreter’s Bible Dictionary (2009): Enam
  10. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Enam
  11. Reader’s Digest Atlas of the Bible (1981): Enam
  12. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Enam
  13. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  14. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010): Enam

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

Bukvoed, Shabatashtiot, Contains modified Copernicus Sentinel data 2019


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.