Places in the Bible Today:



Translated NamesArubbot, Arubboth, Aruboth
Geo Data KML (for Google Earth)
GeoJSON (for GIS applications)

5 Possible Identifications

  1. Khirbet el Hamam (modern): 45% confidence
    1. panorama of Khirbet el HamamKhirbet el Hamam

  2. Arraba (modern): 30% confidence
    1. cityscape of ArrabaArraba

  3. Batn Umm Nari (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. panorama of Batn Umm NariBatn Umm Nari

  4. Tel Esur (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. aerial panorama of Tel EsurTel Esur

  5. Pardes Hanna Karkur (modern): less than 10% confidence
    1. streetscape at Pardes Hanna KarkurPardes Hanna Karkur

Verses (1)

1Kgs 4:10

Linked Data Identifiers

Logos FactbookArubboth (2007)Arubboth
OpenBible.infoa30e7ea (Arubboth)
UBS Names Databaseot ID_342


  1. Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary (1992): Arubboth (place)
  2. Archaeological Encyclopedia of the Holy Land (1990): Aruboth (Tell El-asawir)
  3. Baker Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2013): Arubboth
  4. Baly, Atlas of the Biblical World (1971): Arubboth
  5. Baly, The Geography of the Bible (1974): page 172
  6. Eerdmans Dictionary of the Bible (2000): Arubboth
  7. ESV Bible Atlas (2010)
  8. Grollenberg, Atlas of the Bible (1957): Arubboth
  9. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2003)
  10. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1979): Arubboth
  11. Lexham Bible Dictionary (2016): Arubboth
  12. Monson, Regions on the Run (2009): map 5
  13. Nelson’s Illustrated Bible Dictionary (2014): Arubboth
  14. New Unger’s Bible Dictionary (1988): Arubboth
  15. Oxford Bible Atlas, Fourth Edition (2007)
  16. Tyndale Bible Dictionary (2001): Arubboth
  17. Tübingen Bible Atlas (2001): Arubbot
  18. Westminster Historical Atlas to the Bible (1956): Arubboth
  19. Wycliffe Bible Encyclopedia (1975): Aruboth
  20. Zondervan Atlas of the Bible (2010)
  21. Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible (2010)

Confidence Trends over Time

This chart indicates how confidence in the identifications is changing over time. Each dot (connected by a dotted line) reflects the confidence of an identification over the preceding ten years (e.g., the 2009 dot reflects scholarship from 2000 to 2009), and the corresponding solid line reflects a best-fit line for the identification. Confidences that cluster near or below 0% indicate low confidence. Because of the small dataset, it's best to use this chart for general trends; if one identification is trending much higher than the others, for example, then you can probably have higher confidence in the identification. This chart only reflects the sources I consulted (listed above), not an exhaustive review of the literature.

Thumbnail Image Credits

TheVerum, AMSA83, יעקב, Rimon98, Ori~


This page attempts to identify all the possible locations where this biblical place could be. The confidence levels add up to less than 100%, indicating that the modern location is uncertain. It's best to think about the confidences in relative rather than absolute terms. Often they reflect different schools of thought, each confident in their identifications.